You can accurately test the fuel pump, on your 1.6L Nissan Sentra, to see if it has failed and thus keeping your car from starting or just not sending enough fuel to the engine to keep it running optimally.
In this tutorial I'll show you how and where to connect your fuel pressure test gauge and what fuel pressure specification you should see. I'm also gonna' explain a simple and easy way to confirm a ‘lack of fuel’ condition by using starting fluid.
Contents of this tutorial:
You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Verificar La Bomba de Combustible (1.6L Nissan Sentra) (at: autotecnico-online.com).
NOTE: The following tutorial may be of help in troubleshooting a ‘cranks but does not start’ condition: How To Troubleshoot A No Start (1.6L Nissan)
Symptoms Of A Bad Fuel Pump
Fuel pump failures usually fall into one of two categories. In the most common type of failure, the fuel pump just stops working completely and the engine doesn't start at all. In the second type of failure, the fuel pump works just enough to start and keep the engine running, but the engine runs rough.
When a fuel pump completely fails, you'll see that:
- The engine turns over but will not start.
- All 4 cylinders are being fed spark (as checked by a spark tester).
- Your Nissan Sentra's fuel injection computer is activating all 4 fuel injectors (as checked with a Noid light).
- Fuel pressure PSI is 0 PSI when checked with a fuel pressure test gauge.
- Engine starts, although momentarily, if you spray starting fluid into the throttle body and then crank the engine.
When the fuel pump is starting to fail and under-performing, you'll probably see one or more of the following symptoms:
- Lean air/fuel mixture trouble codes.
- Rough idle.
- Engine starts after extended cranking.
- Lack of power when accelerating the vehicle down the road.
- Back-fires thru' the intake manifold when accelerating your pickup or van down the road.
Both of these conditions can be tested with a fuel pressure gauge. Alright, with this info under our belts, let's get testing.
Where To Buy A Fuel Pressure Test Gauge
You can buy a fuel pressure test gauge just about anywhere and is one of the most important tools any serious DIY'er should have in his/her tool box.
The following fuel pressure test gauge kits are pretty good deals and include the adapter to test your 1.6L Nissan Sentra (they also include all of the adapters to test GM and Ford vehicles equipped with a Schrader valve):
All of the fuel pump pressure test kits above have the fitting that will connect to your Nissan's fuel system.
TEST 1: Checking Fuel Pressure With A Fuel Pressure Gauge
To connect the fuel pressure gauge, to your 1.6L Nissan Sentra, you'll need to tap into the fuel hose that connects the fuel injector rail to the fuel filter. This requires the use of a special T adapter as illustrated in the illustration above.
You can see a photo of the fuel filter's output hose here: Location Of Fuel Filter Output Hose. The fuel pressure specification (with the engine running) is:
|Without Vacuum to Fuel Pressure Reg.||With Vacuum to Fuel Pressure Reg.|
|43 PSI||34 PSI|
Now, if your Nissan Sentra's engine doesn't start, use the 43 PSI value as your specification.
NOTE: If you don't have a fuel pressure gauge, take a look at the section: Where To Buy A Fuel Pressure Test Gauge.
OK, let's get started with this test:
Release the fuel pressure built up inside the fuel line. You can accomplish by removing the fuel pump relay and cranking the engine for about 5 seconds.
Place a shop towel around the fuel filter and disconnect the output fuel hose. The shop towel's job is to absorb any fuel that may leak when disconnecting the fuel hose.
Install the T adapter and any additional fuel hoses (that come in the fuel pressure test kit) to the fuel filter. Tighten all hose clamps. Your set-up should look like the illustration above.
Re-install the fuel pressure relay and ask your helper to cycle the key on and off but don't crank the engine while you observe the fuel pressure tester's gauge.
Check your T-adapter connections for fuel leaks and if any tighten the hose clamps a bit more to eliminate them.
Your fuel pressure gauge should register about 43 PSI fuel pressure if the fuel pump is OK.
Let's take a look at what your results mean:
CASE 1: The fuel pressure gauge registered 0 PSI. This confirms that the cause of your 1.6L Nissan Sentra no-start problem is caused by a lack of fuel.
Now, I usually take 2 more precautions, before condemning the fuel pump as bad:
- Making sure the fuel pump fuse is feeding the fuel pump power (if the fuel pump fuse is blown, then the fuel pump will not run).
- Making sure the fuel pump relay is feeding the fuel pump power (if the fuel pump relay is bad, then the fuel pump will not run).
CASE 2: The fuel pressure gauge registered the specified fuel pressure for your vehicle's model year. This test result lets you know that the fuel pump is working and delivering enough fuel to the fuel injectors. The reason your 1.6L Nissan Sentra is not starting is due to another reason. The fuel pump is OK.