The fastest and the most accurate way to test the manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor on your 4.0L equipped Jeep Cherokee (Grand Cherokee, Wrangler) is to bench-test it with a multimeter.
In this tutorial I'll show you how in a step-by-step way so that you can find out if the MAP sensor is bad (or not).
This tutorial will also help you diagnose codes: P0106, P0107, and P0108.
Contents of this tutorial:
You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Verificar el Sensor MAP (1997-2003 4.0L Jeep) (at: autotecnico-online.com).
NOTE: For the tutorial covering the MAP sensor test for the 1987 - 1995 4.0L equipped Jeeps, go here: How To Test The MAP Sensor (Jeep 4.0L).
MAP Sensor Diagnostic Essentials
What are the symptoms of a bad MAP sensor? The most obvious symptom that you'll see/experience, when the MAP sensor fails on your 4.0L Jeep Grand Cherokee (Cherokee, Wrangler) is the check engine light (CEL) lit on your instrument cluster and one or several of the following MAP sensor trouble codes:
- P0106: Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) System Performance.
- P0107: Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Circuit Low Voltage.
- P0108: Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Circuit High Voltage.
You'll also see one or more of the following:
- Bad gas mileage.
- Won't pass the emissions test.
- Black smoke coming out the tail pipe when the engine in your 4.0L Jeep Grand Cherokee (Cherokee, Wrangler) is running.
What tools do I need? The most important tool that you'll need is a multimeter.
Here's a list of the tools you'll need:
- A vacuum pump.
- The vacuum pump is not an absolute must, since you can use the good ol' lungs to apply vacuum to the sensor in TEST 1 of this tutorial.
- If you don't have one and/or need to buy one, this is the one that I recommend and you can buy it here: MV8000 Automotive Tune-up and Brake Bleeding Kit.
- Wire piercing probe.
- Although this tool is not an absolute must, if you do buy one, you'll realize just how easy it makes testing the voltages inside the wires.
- If you need to see what this tool looks like, you can see it here: Wire Piercing Probe.
- Scan tool.
- You don't need one to use the info in this article but how else are you gonna' check for the MAP sensor codes?
- Don't have one? Check out my recommendation: Abe's Scan Tool Recommendation.
What does the MAP sensor do? The MAP sensor's job is to measure the pressure inside the intake manifold as the engine in your Jeep runs... another name for this pressure is vacuum.
Your 4.0L Jeep Grand Cherokee's fuel injection computer will use the MAP sensor input, along with the inputs of the crank sensor and throttle position sensor (TPS) to calculate fuel injection, ignition timing... among several things.
The MAP sensor needs 3 inputs to be able to measure the amount of vacuum inside the intake manifold:
- 5 Volts (power).
The descriptions below are of the MAP sensor.
|MAP Sensor Pin Out|
|2||MAP Sensor Signal|
|3||5 Volt Reference|
Diagnosing The Jeep 4.0L MAP Sensor
Testing the MAP sensor on your 4.0L equipped Jeep Grand Cherokee (Cherokee, Wrangler) involves 3 specific tests, these are:
- The first test is to see if the MAP sensor is creating a signal as you manually apply vacuum with a vacuum pump (or the good ol' lungs).
- The second test is to make sure that the MAP sensor is getting fed power (5 Volts) on the .
- The third test and last test involves checking that the MAP sensor is getting Ground.