One of the most common problems, with MAF sensor equipped Ford (Mercury and Lincoln) vehicles, is that the MAF sensor's hot wires will get dirty (contaminated).
This contamination will rob you of gas mileage and performance. Not only that, in some cases this condition will light up your check engine light with a P0171 or P0174 (lean A/F mixture) code.
Well, this article will help you to clean your mass airflow sensor in a step by step fashion.
Contents of this tutorial:
You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Limpiar El Sensor De Flujo De Aire (MAF) De Ford (at: autotecnico-online.com).
Important Suggestions And Tips
TIP 1: The safest way to clean the MAF sensor's hot wires, is to just spray them and let them air dry. Avoid physically touching them, like with a cotton swab, since this could break the hot wires.
TIP 2: Do not use carburetor spray cleaner or brake cleaner. Both of these are very harsh solvents and can damage the inner circuitry of the MAF sensor and now you'll have a bad MAF sensor on your hands (this I can vouch for from personal experience)
TIP 3: Do not use gasoline. Gasoline will leave a petroleum residue on the hot wires and this residue will attract more dirt (like a magnet to metal), not to mention that gasoline is just too dangerous to use as a cleaner.
TIP 4: Your local auto parts (like AutoZone or O'reilly Auto Parts) will have the appropriate MAF sensor cleaner. The most common/popular is the CRC Mass Air Sensor Cleaner (part number: 05110).
I've always thought the CRC MAF sensor cleaner a tad too expensive (but it beats using something unapproved and frying the MAF sensor) and so on occasion, I have also used a regular electronics spray cleaner from my local Radio Shack or Fry's electronics store with the same success.
Symptoms Of A Dirty Ford MAF Sensor
The most common symptom of a dirty mass air flow (MAF) sensor is a lack of power.
Unfortunately, the PCM (Powertrain Control Module = Fuel Injection Computer) is not smart enough to sense a dirty MAF sensor and so you're not gonna' get a dirty MAF sensor diagnostic trouble code lighting the check engine light.
A dirty MAF sensor will cause one or all of the following symptoms:
- The engine idles fine, but when you accelerate the vehicle (not just the engine) is when you feel the lack of power.
- Engine running lean which causes the PCM to set one or both of the following diagnostic trouble codes:
- P0171: System Too Lean Bank 1.
- P0174: System Too Lean Bank 2.
- Fails the state mandated yearly emissions test.
- Bad gas mileage.
The PCM uses the MAF signal to know how much air is entering the engine. In knowing the exact amount of air entering the engine, the PCM can now calculate the correct amount of fuel to inject into every cylinder.
When the mass air flow sensor on your Ford car (pick up, van, mini-van or SUV) starts to get dirty, the dirt (technically called: contamination) starts to interfere with the way the MAF sensor measures the incoming air.
Thus a dirty (contaminated) MAF sensor still creates a signal but it's a MAF signal that is not conveying the correct amount of air that's entering the engine. And so the PCM does not inject the correct amount of fuel for the true amount of air entering the engine.
As I mentioned before, the PCM can't tell you that the MAF sensor is dirty, since a dirty MAF sensor DTC does not exist and as easy as it is the check to see if it's dirty or not, there's really no need for one.
OK, let's turn the page and get this show on the road.
PART 1: Remove The MAF Sensor
Ok, this is what you signed up for
Here are the actual removal and cleaning instructions for the MAF sensor.
One last thing, I'm gonna' be using a photo of a typical Ford MAF sensor. It probably won't look exactly like yours but it will be very similar. No matter how many wires, or the color of the MAF sensor's body (there are some gray colored ones), these cleaning instructions apply.
This is what you need to do:
Start by removing the two Torx head bolts that hold the MAF sensor in place (see photo 1).
In some older Ford applications, the top bolt will have a spot of epoxy in place, to prevent you from removing the MAF sensor. This shouldn't stop you. What you'll have to do is to remove the whole MAF assembly from the vehicle and use a pair of pliers to loosen and remove the bolt.
Once the sensor is removed, it should look like the ones in photos 2 and 3 in the image viewer.
Photo 2 is of the newer style Ford MAF sensor and photo 3 is of the older type MAF sensor. If your Ford vehicle uses the older type, you have to be very careful not to damage the hot wires, since both are exposed and can be easily damaged/broken.
PART 2: Clean The MAF Sensor
Once the MAF sensor is off of your Ford (or Mercury, Lincoln, or Mazda) vehicle, place it on a work table.
Once again, as a friendly reminder, with the older type of MAF sensor (photo 1), you've got to be very careful with the exposed hot wires.
Bumping the MAF sensor's hot wires into anything or touching them can cause them to break off the MAF sensor (this too I can vouch for from personal experience)
On the newer vehicles, the MAF sensor hot wires are set inside the assembly (photo 2) and so accidentally breaking them is not an issue.
Alright, these are the next steps:
Now, grab your MAF cleaning spray or electronics cleaning spray and spray the hot wires.
On the older type MAF sensor, you have only two exposed hot wires to clean. On the newer type, both hot wires are inside the air inlet cavity and you'll be able to see them without trouble.
Also, on the newer type, you'll see a resistor on the outside of the assembly (see photo 3), this resistor is the intake air temperature (IAT) sensor. Clean this bad boy too.
If the MAF sensor is dirty, both resistors on the hot wires will be full of dark fuzz.
A clean resistor is usually a light gray color, and of course, it won't have any type of fuzz on it.
Resist the temptation to physically wipe the resistors of the two hot wires. Spraying them and letting them air dry will clean them.
If you're using an approved cleaning spray, this will immediately evaporate without leaving any trace. So when you're done, put the MAF sensor back and bolt it up. You're done!
Once you're done cleaning the MAF sensor, take a look at your air filter and the air filter box the MAF sensor is bolted to.
If the air filter is dirty, replace it. If the air filter box is dirty, clean it now. If the air filter box is broken, then you'll need to replace it.
By taking a look and remediating any issue (with the air filter or air filter box) you'll be able to guarantee that the MAF sensor will stay clean (contamination free) and your engine performing at its best.