OBD II trouble code P0122 TP Sensor Circuit Low Voltage is telling you that your Honda's fuel injection computer is seeing a low voltage output from the throttle position sensor (TPS) that doesn't correspond to the actual throttle plate opening (or current engine operating conditions).
Testing the TPS can easily be done with a multimeter and in this tutorial, I'm gonna' show you how in a step-by-step way.
Here are the contents of this tutorial at a glance:
Throttle plate position, without saying, has a direct impact on the amount of fuel your Honda's fuel injection computer injects into the engine's cylinders.
The more the throttle plate opens, to let the engine breathe in more air, the more fuel the fuel injection computer (known as the PCM = Powertrain Control Module) needs to inject. When the throttle closes, and lessens the amount of air flow into the engine, the less fuel the PCM needs to inject.
So when the PCM gets the wrong throttle opening info from the throttle position sensor (TPS), either because the TP sensor has failed or there's a problem in the sensor's wires... it can no longer control fuel injection to maximize performance and a host of other things.
So, when the PCM sees the TP sensor producing a low voltage that indicates a closed throttle plate even though other sensor inputs indicate otherwise... it sets a code P0122 TP Sensor Circuit Low Voltage and lights up the check engine light (CEL) on your Honda's instrument cluster.
The throttle position sensor (TPS) is one of the easiest sensors to test on your Honda (or Acura).
In this section, I'm gonna describe what the 3 TP sensor wires do and how it works.
Although I'm not going to go into minute technical detail about the inner workings of the sensor... the following brief description of how the throttle position sensor (TPS) works will help make sense of what exactly we're gonna' be testing for in the next pages of this tutorial:
The thing to remember about the throttle position sensor (TPS) is that at closed throttle, the TPS outputs about .5 Volts DC. As the throttle plate starts to open (as you accelerate the engine), this voltage starts to increase. At wide open throttle, the TP sensor will output about 4.5 Volts DC.
With this bit of information, let's move on to the next subheading...
Since the angle of the throttle plate is crucial for proper fuel injection and a host of other things... when your Honda's PCM sees the wrong throttle angle information... it's not gonna' to be able to keep your Honda's engine running smoothly.
You may see one or more of the following symptoms when the throttle position sensor (TPS) fails:
Let's find out what are the common causes of a P0122 DTC, in the next subheading.
The 3 most common cause of trouble code P0122 are:
Although extremely rare for this to happen... a bad PCM can also cause a false P0122 trouble code.
In this tutorial, I'll help you troubleshoot all three of the above. With this basic info under our belts, let's turn the page and get testing!.....
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