Testing the 24X crankshaft position sensor (located behind the crankshaft pulley/balancer) or code P0336 (24X Reference signal circuit) is an easy test that only involves a digital multimeter! You don't even need a scan tool (although a scan tool is a very handy tool to have).
The test that I'm going to show you is a dynamic test done by hand cranking the engine. If you're looking to do a resistance test of the 24X crank sensor, forget about it... such a resistance test for the 24X crank sensor does not exist.
The only way to test the 24X crank sensor is in action (as the engine is being manually cranked)... and this article will show you how.
If you need to know if this 24X crank sensor test applies to your specific 3.1L or 3.4L GM vehicle, take a look at the ‘Applies To:’ box on the right and scroll with the arrow buttons to see all of the applications.
Here are the contents of this article at a quick glance:
- Tools Needed to Test the 24X Crank Sensor.
- Symptoms of a BAD 24X Crank Sensor.
- What is a 24X Crank (CKP) Sensor?
- How to Read the 24X CKP Wiring Diagram.
- The GM 3.1L & 3.4L 24X CKP Sensor Test.
- Interpreting the Results of the 24X CKP Test.
- Where to Buy the 24X Crank Sensor and Save.
- Related Test Articles.
You can find this tutorial in Spanish here: Cómo Probar El Sensor Del Cigüeñal 24X (3.1L, 3.4L GM) (at: autotecnico-online.com).
Tools Needed to Test the 24X Crank Sensor
You don't need any expensive tools to test the crank sensor on your 3.1L or 3.4L V6 engine.
Tools You'll Need:
- You can use a digital multimeter or an analog multimeter although the digital one is the preferred one.
- If you don't have a multimeter or need to upgrade yours, check out my recommendation here: Buying a Digital Multimeter for Automotive Diagnostic Testing (at: easyautodiagnostics.com).
- Jack stands
- 1/2 inch ratchet wrench
Symptoms of a BAD 24X Crank Sensor
The most obvious symptom of a BAD crank sensor is the check engine light (CEL) lit nice and bright and the following diagnostic trouble code stored in the PCM's memory.
Below is a simple list of more specific symptoms that accompany a BAD crank sensor:
- BAD 24X crankshaft position sensor diagnostic trouble code (DTC):
- P0336 24X Reference Signal Circuit.
- Rough idle.
- BAD gas mileage.
- Won't pass the state emission's test (smog check).
The most important thing to remember, is that when the 24X crank sensor has failed, your car will still start and run (although it may not run great).