One of the most expensive repair jobs you may face, with your 3.0L/3.8L equipped Ford car, mini-van, or pick-up is a blown head gasket condition.
The good news is that it's possible to avoid a blown head gasket on your vehicle and it only involves taking some simple precautions.
In this article I'll go into some detail about what you need to do, to avoid the tremendous expense that's involved with having to replace blown head gaskets.
The Root Cause of a Blown Head Gasket
Knowing the root causes of a blown head gasket (or head gaskets) is the first step in preventing it from happening to your vehicle. In a nutshell, the two basic causes of a blown head gasket or head gaskets are:
- Severe overheating. Usually the result of:
- Water pump failure.
- Electric fan motor failure.
- Fan clutch failure (if equipped).
- Coolant thermostat failure.
- coolant leak as a result of:
- Leaking/failed water pump.
- Leaking/busted radiator hose.
- Leaking/busted heater core.
- Leaking/busted radiator.
- Intake manifold gaskets leaking coolant.
One of the biggest misconceptions, when a small coolant leak develops... is to just keep adding water and not repair it ASAP. Although a small coolant leak doesn't result in a blown head gasket overnight... but ignored long enough, this little leak will eventually result in a blown head gasket (I've seen this happen a lot!) Why?
... because the cooling system needs to pressurize to a certain pressure to effectively keep the engine at a normal operating temperature. If it doesn't pressurize... the engine develops internal hot spots that can crack heads, the engine block, and burn head gaskets!
Let's find out more about what can be done to prevent a blown head gasket(s).
The Most Important Thing You Can Do Is To Check For Coolant Leaks
Sooner or later, as part of the normal wear and tear cycle of any vehicle, your 3.0L/3.8L equipped Ford car, mini-van, pick-up is going to develop coolant leaks. Unfortunately... some 3.8L equipped Fords (namely: 1996-1998 3.8L Mustang, 1996-1997 3.8L T-Bird, 1996-1997 3.8L Cougar) use plastic intake manifold gaskets that are prone to coolant leaks (to learn more about this particular problem, see: Coolant Leaking From Intake Gaskets (Ford 3.8L)).
So, regularly popping open the hood of your car or mini-can and checking for coolant leaks with a flash light becomes a must! I also suggest visually scanning the driveway (or whatever piece of pavement the car is parked on), as you pull out (or pull in) in your car.
Another good time to check for coolant leaks is at oil change time (whether you do them yourself or take it to a fast-lube/oil-change place). Since you're already under the hood (and under the engine draining the oil and replacing the oil filter), take the time to thoroughly check the top and bottom of the engine area for coolant leaks with a flashlight.
Although the following is not an exhaustive list of things that can leak coolant, it'll give you an idea what to shine your flashlight on (while you're under the hood or under the vehicle):
- Radiator hoses (where the hose is clamped to the radiator or the engine).
- Heater core.
- Since the heater core is inside the vehicle, the areas you need to check for coolant leaks are the front passenger side floorboard (inside the vehicle) and by the lower-bottom part of the engine's firewall.
- Radiator cap.
- Intake manifold gaskets if they're made of composite material... ok, ok... made of plastic (1996-1998 3.8L Mustang, 1996-1997 3.8L T-Bird, 1996-1997 3.8L Cougar).
- Water pump weep hole.
If you do spot a coolant leak, what next? Well, let's explore this in the next subheading...
Don't Use Leak Sealers to Stop a Leak
If you do spot a leak, don't us a coolant leak sealer to stop a leak! Whatever is leaking coolant needs to be replaced!
It's so tempting to use some sort of stop leak in a can, because depending on what's leaking coolant it can almost cost ‘an arm and a leg’ to repair the coolant leak. And so the can of stop leak seems like the cheapest and safest fix. But, is it?
Speaking from years of experience working as an automotive tech, I can tell you that a can of stop leak may work initially, but it's not a permanent repair. To add insult to injury, this can of stop leak will help clog your heater core and radiator in the long run and eventually cause your vehicle to overheat.
So, eventually, not only will you have to repair the leak by replacing the part that's leaking coolant, but you may also have to either rod-out the radiator (or replace it) and replace the heater core, thus making this 'cheap fix in a can' an expensive one!
My advice to you is: avoid the can of coolant stop leak and replace the component that's leaking.