The Crankshaft Position Sensor, on your Chrysler 2.0L/2.4L equipped car or mini-van, is a Hall-Effect three wire Crankshaft Position Sensor.
Since the Crank Sensor is a Hall Effect type Sensor, it produces an On/Off DC Voltage Signal that can be easily measured with:
This also means that there is No Crank Sensor resistance test to see if the Crank Sensor is BAD or not. Only the 2 wire Reluctor Type Crank Sensor can be resistance tested.
As you turn the key and crank the Engine, each one of the three wires that connect to the Crank Sensor have a specific job to do:
The most important thing to know, is that if the Crank Sensor goes BAD, your Chrysler (or Dodge or Plymouth or Eagle) vehicle will Crank but Not Start due to a lack of Spark and Fuel Injection.
The Crankshaft Position Sensor is located behind the engine (the side facing the vehicle’s firewall) above the Oil Filter adapter. This type of Crank Sensor goes thru’ the block itself and is held securely in place by a bolt.
You’ll need to jack up the vehicle to gain access to the Crank Sensor. Be careful, think safety all of the time, take all precautions. Use a jack stand to hold the car up in the air... do not trust the jack! Wear Safety Glasses to protect your eyes from falling debris.
The very first thing you do, to start troubleshooting the Crank Sensor, is to verify that it's either generating a Crank Sensor Signal or not. You'll use a Multimeter for this and all parts of the Crank Sensor Test.
Alright, this are the test steps:
Set the Parking Brake and/or place Wheel Chocks behind the rear wheels to keep the vehicle from rolling back. Jack up the car or mini-van and place it on Jack Stands.
Disconnect the four wire connector from the Ignition Coil Pack. This is important! Do not proceed with the test without first unplugging the Ignition Coil Pack.
Locate the CKP Sensor’s connector. Now, remove some of the plastic wire loom protector and/or the black electrical tape that shields the three wires of the CKP Sensor. Remove enough of this electrical tape insulation to gain comfortable access to the three wires it protects.
If it was necessary to unplug the connector from the Crank (CKP) Sensor to remove some of the black electrical tape insulation... reconnect the connector now. The Crankshaft Position Sensor must be connected to its electrical connector for this test to work.
Place the Multimeter in Volts DC mode and with a wire-piercing probe or an appropriate tool, pierce the wire identified with the number 1 in the image viewer, of the three wire connector. Connect the RED Multimeter lead to this tool. The wire labeled with the number 1 is the Signal Wire that transmits the Crank (CKP) Sensor Signal to the PCM.
To see what a what wire piercing probe tool looks like, click here: Wire Piercing Probe.
Don’t worry about the particular color this wire should be on your vehicle. You’ll be able to identify it easily with the photo in the image viewer.
Connect the BLACK lead of the Multimeter to a good ground point on the engine.
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